Turkey is a country that is a source of magic and beauty, specifically about its attractive landscapes, and the islands that attract the attention of its travelers. It is a link between the East and the West, and also a mix of Eastern and Western cultures. Turkey has many tourist destinations, In 2019 turkey attracted around 51 million foreign tourists, ranking as the sixth-most-popular tourist destination in the world.
Istanbul (Turkey's largest city) is one of the most important places for tourism not only in Turkey but also in the world. Istanbul has many major attractions derived from its historical status as the capital of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires. these include the Sultan Ahmed Mosque “Blue Mosque”, the Hagia Sophia, the Topkapı Palace, the Basilica Cistern, the Dolmabahçe Palace, the Galata Tower, and the Grand Bazaar. Istanbul has also recently become one of the biggest shopping centers in the European region by introducing malls and shopping centers, such as Metrocity, Akmerkez, and Cevahir Mall.
For example, the Hagia Sophia (Aya Sofya) Mosque is one of the most important symbols of Istanbul, it is also a center of religious, political, and artistic life for the Byzantines and provided people with many useful scholarly insights. It is also an important site of Muslim worship after Sultan Mehmed II conquered Constantinople in 1453 and designated the structure a mosque.
Ankara (The capital of Turkey) is the second most populated city in Turkey. It is rich in Turkish culture along with history from ancient civilizations. The most famous landmark is the Anıtkabir as it has visitors from all around its own country and world, especially during national holidays. The Anıtkabir is a mausoleum for Atatürk, which is the founder of the Republic of Turkey. Another Paleolithic landmark would be the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, a museum that possesses works from, Neolithic, Hatti, Hittite, Phrygian, Urartian, and Roman civilizations.
For example, Ankara's most visited attraction is also Turkey's most important modern visit site. Sitting on a hilltop, just to the west of the city center, is the mausoleum of Atatürk (Mustafa Kemal), the founder of the state of Turkey. As well as the actual mausoleum, with its lavish use of marble, the site, centered around a vast plaza, contains a large museum complex. Visitors entering the mausoleum should respect the atmosphere of somber reverence inside as Turks pay their respect to the founder and first president of their modern nation.
Izmir is a city with historical and geopolitical importance in ancient civilizations such as Macedonia, Persia, Lydia, and the Ottomans. Izmir is the home of many ancient cities such as Ephesus, Pergamon, and Klazomenai. Besides historical significance, Izmir also possesses many locations for coastal tourism for international travelers.
For example, Ephesus Ancient City is one of the most touristic places of Izmir, with Çeşme and Alaçatı. It’s the most historical place in the entire Aegen Region of Turkey. These days millions of travelers who love historical places and the ancient world visit Ephesus consistently, enjoying both ancient history and the natural beauty of the region.
Other destinations such as Beach Vacations and Blue Cruises are particularly for Turkish joys and visitors from Western Europe and are also central to the Turkish tourism industry. Some beach resorts are located along the southwestern and southern coast, called the Turkish Riviera, especially along the Mediterranean coast near Antalya. Antalya is also called the tourism capital of Turkey because it has also major resort towns such as Bodrum, Fethiye, Marmaris, Kuşadası, Didim, and Alanya.
For example, Fethiye is Turkey's well-known tourist center and is particularly popular during the summer. The Fethiye Museum, which is rich in ancient and more recent artifacts, displays and testifies to the successive chain of civilizations that existed in the area, starting with the ancient Lycians. It has some historical visiting areas such as Kadyanda (Cadyanda) ancient city, Kayaköy, the abandoned Greek village, and others. Fethiye is also home to the Tomb of Amyntas, a large tomb built in 350 BC by the Lycians. The most popular tourist towns of Fethiye are Ölüdeniz, Calis Beach area, Hisarönu, and Ovacık. Butterfly Valley is in the Fethiye district.
Currently, there are 58 airports spread across Turkey. Of these airports, 35 of them offer domestic and international flights, while 23 of them provide regional flights across Turkey. Some of these airports are the following:
Istanbul Atatürk Airport (LTBA/ISL) is the main international airport serving Istanbul and the biggest airport in Turkey by total number of passengers.
Antalya Airport (LTAI/AYT) is an international airport located 13 km (8.1 mi) northeast of the city center of Antalya. It is a major destination during the European summer holiday season.
İzmir Adnan Menderes Airport (LTBJ/ADB) is an international airport serving İzmir and most of the surrounding provinces in Turkey. It is located 18 km (11 mi) southwest of the city center.
Dalaman Airport (LTBS/DLM) is an international airport and one of three serving south-west Turkey.
Milas–Bodrum Airport (LTFE/BJV) is an international airport that serves Bodrum and Milas towns. The airport is situated 36 km northeast of the town of Bodrum and 16 km south of Milas.
Gazipaşa-Alanya Airport (LTFG/GZP). The airport is located near the town of Gazipasa and about 40 kilometers southeast of the city of Alanya. International flights began in the 2011 holiday season, with flights from Amsterdam. The new airport is only 30 minutes by road from Alanya.
Sabiha Gökçen International Airport (LTFJ/SAW) is one of the two international airports serving Istanbul. It is located 35 km (22 mi) southeast of central Istanbul.
Tourists do not just come for the beaches. Turkey also has extremely varied landscapes, including mountains and forests. For people who love nature, Turkey is attracted by its destinations. Furthermore, the country is very rich for its cultural background, and historical locations that stretch back to ancient times. On the other hand, good service and low prices are also available in Turkey. Most tourists prefer spending their holidays in very comfortable hotels like five-star and four-star hotels that often offer accommodation on the system "All inclusive." it helps the attraction for those who want to get away from everyday worries during the holidays. However, there are also cheap hotels and campsites for people who are not seeking extra comfort or cannot afford the prices which attracts a large number of tourists to Turkey. Therefore, there are many hotels of different levels of comfort and the visitor can rely on the number of stars when choosing a hotel.
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